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  World History timeline
The Large Hadron Collider, at Cern in Switzerland, begins accelerating protons round a 17-mile circular tunnel       
The Hadron Collider at Cern has to be halted when a serious fault develops, leading to a predicted six-month delay in the programme       
Thabo Mbeki resigns as President of South Africa, after losing the support of his party, the African National Congress       
Kgalema Motlanthe is elected temporary President of the Republic of South Africa after the resignation of Mbeki       
The Dow Jones index suffers its largest one-day fall (777 points) when the US House of Representatives rejects President Bush's emergency package        
In the face of a major financial crisis the Icelandic government takes control of the country's three largest banks     
A series of terrorist attacks on several targets in Mumbai result in nearly 200 deaths     
Israel begins an intense series of airstrikes against targets in the Gaza Strip, in response to rockets launched by Hamas       
2009   January 3
Israel escalates its war against Hamas by launching a ground invasion of the Gaza Strip       
2009   January 15
The pilot of US Airways Flight 1549 lands his plane on Manhattan's Hudson River with no loss of life among his 155 passengers and crew     
2009   January 20
Amid unprecedented international enthusiasm Barack Obama is inaugurated as the fourteenth President of the USA      
2009   January 21
Israel completes a military withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, nearly three weeks after launching its invasion of the territory       
2009   January 22
One of President Obama's first acts in office is to sign an order that the Guantanamo Bay detention camp is to be closed within a year (a promise that fails to be fulfilled)   See in Google maps   
2009   January 26
The prime minister of Iceland, Geir Haarde, resigns after the collapse of his country's banking system       
2009   February 1
In the Icelandic crisis Johanna Siguroardottir becomes prime minister and forms a new government      
2009   February 2
Iran launches a satellite into orbit on an Iranian-built rocket      
2009   February 11
Morgan Tsvangirai becomes prime minister of Zimbabwe, six months after agreeing to share power with Robert Mugabe       
2009   March 4
The International Criminal Court in the Hague issues a warrant for the arrest of the Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir, on a charge of war crimes      
2009   April 7
Peru's Supreme Court finds Alberto Fujimori guilty of authorizing death squads and sentences him to 25 years in prison      
2009   May 18
The long civil war in Sri Lanka ends with the conclusive defeat of the Tamil Tigers by government forces       
2009   May 21
North Korea announces that it has carried out a second successful nuclear test     
2009   June 11
The World Health Organization declares that "swine flu" (strain H1N1, spreading from Mexico), has reached the status of a pandemic       
2009   June 12
Iran's declaration that its presidential election has been a landslide victory for Mahmoud Ahmadinejad brings vast crowds of protesters onto the streets      
2009   June 25
The sudden death of the pop star Michael Jackson triggers a world-wide emotional response      
2009   June 29
Iran's Guardian Council decrees that Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's election was valid, amid increasingly strong crackdown on any sign of dissent